This paper is just to introduce the public to the theory that refraction of light or any other particle beam may not be the result of bending because of an electro-magnetic, aether, or any other sine-wave property of light, but instead may be the result of light particle reflection.
(Note: That this paper and theory are still being formulated.)
There is a simple relationship between the angle of incoming light and the probability that particles in that beam of light will collide with some particle in the refracting material. If θ is the angle between a beam entering and the vertical line relative to an atomic lattice, the larger the angle, the higher the probability of a particle colliding with other particles. A beam going straight through a material with a symmetrical structure has the lowest change of collision. So this relationship is similar to a sin θ = probability of collision (θ<90°). The larger the angle the higher the chance of collision. But there is also a multiplication by the thickness of the material, and the density of the material, and the ratio of particle distribution in the refracting material (y/x). So perhaps an estimate of the change of collision might be:
Chance of collision=thickness*density*(y/x)*sin(θ)
But can this higher chance of collision be made to equate with Snell's law for diffraction? Do gravity and/or the electromagnetic effect play a role in the phenomenon of refraction?
See below 3D model of light particles reflecting off regular physical structures.